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NC State Extension

References – COVID-19 Food Safety Resources

The information around the current COVID-19 pandemic changes rapidly. SARS CoV2, the virus causing COVID-19, emerged as a pathogen in late 2019 and as such there is new data available everyday. Many of the messages created use data previously collected on other, similar respiratory viruses and outbreaks.

Resources developed here are created specifically in response to questions being asked through extension groups throughout the country. All resources are based on the review of the literature, current guidance from FDA , CDC, and USDA and are reviewed by a national panel of food safety professionals.

Review Panel

CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWR)

Moriarty LF, Plucinski MM, Marston BJ, et al. Public Health Responses to COVID-19 Outbreaks on Cruise Ships — Worldwide, February–March 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:347-352. DOI

Severe Outcomes Among Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) — United States, February 12–March 16, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:343-346. DOI

Research Articles

Darnell, M. E., Subbarao, K., Feinstone, S. M., & Taylor, D. R. (2004). Inactivation of the coronavirus that induces severe acute respiratory syndrome, sars-cov. Journal of Virological Methods, 121(1), 85-91. doi:10.1016/j.jviromet.2004.06.006

Duan S.M., Zhao X.S., Wen R.F., Huang J.J., Pi G.H., Zhang S.X., Han J., Bi S.L., Ruan L., Dong X.P. & SARS Research Team (2003). Stability of SARS coronavirus in human specimens and environment and its sensitivity to heating and UV irradiation. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences. Sep;16(3) 246-255. PMID: 14631830

Dublineau, A., Batéjat, C., Pinon, A., Burguière, A. M., Leclercq, I., & Manuguerra, J. (2011). Persistence of the 2009 pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) virus in water and on Non-Porous Surface. PLoS ONE, 6(11). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0028043
Geller C., Varbanov, M., & Duval, R. (2012). Human Coronaviruses: Insights into Environmental Resistance and its Influence on the Development of New Antiseptic Strategies. Viruses, 4(11), 3044-3068. doi:10.3390/v4113044

Greatorex J.S., Digard P., Curran M.D., Moynihan R., Wensley H., & Wreghitt T. (2011). Survival of Influenza A(H1N1) on Materials Found in Households: Implications for Infection Control. PLoS ONE 6(11): E27932. DOI. (n.d.).

Ong, S. W., Tan, Y. K., Chia, P. Y., Lee, T. H., Ng, O. T., Wong, M. S., & Marimuthu, K. (2020). Air, surface environmental, and personal protective Equipment contamination by severe acute respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (sars-cov-2) from a Symptomatic Patient. Journal of the American Medical Association (pre-print). doi:10.1001/jama.2020.3227

Todt, D., Pfaender, S., Steinmann, E., & Kampf, G. (2020). Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biocidal agents. Journal of Hospital Infection, 104(3), 246-251. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2020.01.022

Van Doremalen, N., Lloyd-Smith, J., & Munster, V. (2020). Aerosol and surface stability of HCoV-19 (SARS-CoV-2) compared to SARS-CoV-1. MedRxiv. DOI

Weber J., Sickbert-Bennett, E. E., Kanamori, H., & Rutala, W. A. (2019). New and Emerging Infectious Diseases (Ebola, Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus, Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Candida auris): Focus on Environmental Survival and Germicide Susceptibility. American Journal of Infection Control, 47. doi:10.1016/j.ajic.2019.03.004

Yépiz-Gómez, M. S., Gerba, C. P., & Bright, K. R. (2013). Survival of respiratory viruses on fresh produce. Food and Environmental Virology, 5(3), 150-156. doi:10.1007/s12560-013-9114-4